After blood donation: What you you must know and you can do?

We have already published about Before and During blood donation. We complete it with After donating blood.

After Donation

20171108_114523Giving Blood is usually zero risk. Blood donation is safe. New, sterile disposable equipment is used for each donor, so there’s no risk of contracting a blood-borne infection by donating blood. However, there are very few donors who may feel unwell for just a few minutes, like fainting. If ever, after your blood donation, you feel unwell within four weeks of donating, kindly contact NBTS. The reason for this is that any other illness may have an adverse effect on the patient who has received or will receive your blood.

Call us on: 427 7192/424 0650 (Head in Charge) and 424 4766.

Possible issues after donation

While, blood donation is a simple process which is less than 5 minutes.If ever, after your donation you had any problems and need medical care, contact us.There is nothing to be afraid if:

  • You feel lightheaded, lie down with your feet up until the feeling passes.
    Keep the bandage on your arm and dry for five hours.
  • You have bleeding after removing the bandage, put pressure on the site and raise your arm until the bleeding stops.
  • Bleeding or bruising occurs under the skin, apply a cold pack to the area periodically during the first 24 hours.

Donors may have sensitive skin and uncommon risks after donating may be:

bruising

  • Bleeding
  • Bruising and pain
  • Arterial puncture
  • Notice a raised bump, continued bleeding or pain at the needle-stick site when you remove the bandage.
  • Feel pain or tingling down your arm, into your fingers

What you can do?

  • If bleeding or bruising occurs under the skin, apply a cold pack to the area periodically during the first 24 hours.
  • If your arm is sore, take a pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Paracetamol Panadol), others). Avoid taking aspirin or ibuprofen (or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) for the first 24 to 48 hours after donation.
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Modern Equipment in Blood Banking at NBTS-Candos which even big countries could envy !

 Ministry of Health & QL/National Blood Transfusion Service massive investment in modern equipment in Blood Banking.

” Blood Banks across the world work to provide the best service and care at an optimal cost. Effective blood bank management and equipping it with best instruments is one of the most critical tasks to meet the emergency needs of patients. Use of modern and quality certified instruments not only improves efficiency & accuracy but also ensures safety of patient. A well equipped and managed blood bank is instrumental in supporting hospitals to determine blood demand and is significant in individual patient treatment, while implementing best practices for blood usage”. (Mega Care)

Mauritius is a small country, BUT our Blood Bank  is one of the most important services in life-saving services. in 2008, the Ministry fo Health & QL introduced the Blood Donor Management System- MAK System – software solutions for the management of Blood, Plasma, Tissue and Cells which Blood Bank in more than 65 countries use. It costs  about Rs 20 M.


Below are only a few new and modern equipment introduced some 6 months ago which even some ‘big’ countries don’t have.

It is important to know after a blood donation, a test for HIV for example for one person costs Rs 1000 – 1200 and multiply this by 48,000 pints collected= Rs 48 million. Now, there are other tests that are done on each donor: HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, STD’s (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) and irregular antibodies.

These are costs of processing which reach up to Rs 75 – 85 Million.

Blood Bank is also working in buying a donor card printer. It is in the pipeline.

Hope to have one day a new building with parking  facilities which will encourage more donors to come and donate blood.

We wish to thank you all for your commitment, dedication and support to us. Together, we work for the community and to ensure patients receive safe blood and that blood is always available to save lives of our fellow citizens who could be one of our loved ones or even us.

We look forward for your continued support and would thank you for same.

 BLOOD DONATION IS ALTRUISTIC, A NOBLE CAUSE AND SAVE LIVES.

Please Give always the Gift of Life.

 

During blood donation: What you need to know ?

shutterstock_195758027During donation
Donor who volunteers to donate blood will be asked to register by filling a Medical Questionnaire and ensure that they understand the Donor Information Leaflet.  You will be asked for your name as on your ID, address, date of birth, telephone numbers as well as a history of your health including your lifestyle and behaviour. This will be entered in Blood Bank Computerized Management System or database. Information of each and every donor is stored securely on the database.

Donor Assessment
A Blood Bank Officer or Blood Bank Nursing Staff will ask you questions about your health and lifestyle to determine if you are eligible to donate blood. This procedure is very important to ensure that it is safe for for patients to receive your blood. Sometimes, you may feel disappointed for not being able to donate or deferred permanently due to medical conditions and other criteria. But if you are eligible to donate blood next time, Blood Bank Staff will kindly request you to schedule your blood donation within a month or more or if you have undergone a major surgery (heart surgery for example are deferred permanently) to wait at least a year. A diabetic patient on insulin (injection) cannot donate blood. However, a diabetic patient on tablets CAN give blood, so is a person with high blood pressure (HBP). For a HBP person, it is acceptable as long as your blood pressure is below 180 systolic (first number) and below 100 diastolic (second number) at the time of donation. Medications for high blood pressure do not disqualify you from donating.

HB or Hemoglobin Testing
A small drop is taken from your fingertip to check if your HB level allows you to donate. it is a Pain-free Lancet with a Small Needle. No more fear or … Ouch !

Donation
After the nursing staff has cleared the donation area on your forearm, a needle attached to the blood bag will be inserted. You may feel a light prick less painful than a mosquito bite! 450ml of blood will be collected and two vials will be filled to do laboratory tests. One for Cross-Matching and the other one for TTI (Transfusion Transmitted Infection).

Why when Blood Bank do test all blood anyway, why aren’t some people allowed to donate?

No tests are 100% safe and perfect. For many infections, there’s a period after someone is infected when the disease won’t show up in testing yet – this is called the ‘window period’ or “fenêtre sérologique” in French. A person’s body can take 2 weeks to 3 months or more for antibodies to manifest or show any TTI infections. Science or medicines cannot pick and choose. Even with Blood Bank sophisticated testing equipment, even a one day window period still represents some risks.

vertical-lineThat’s why the most effective way to keep our blood supply as safe as possible is to make it extremely unlikely that a blood donor has any infections when they donate. This is why a patient’s life remains on your sincerity. You must not donate blood simply to do HIV tests or for other risks of transmitted infections.

Blood Bank is more concerned with providing safe blood to patients and to ensure that a patient life is not at risk and this can only be possible that a blood donor is not at risk and they provide bonafide or genuine or sincere information on their health and their lifestyle.shutterstock_188872709

Does Blood Transfusion Service sell blood to private clinic?

NO! It is sad that some people has blared out wrong information. NBTS is an ISO Certified institution and works as per international norms and guidelines of World Health Organization and as per the AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) and SANBS (South African National Blood Service) standards.

Thank you for your priceless gift by giving the Gift of Life to patients.

Tips for successful blood donation

  • Maintain a healthy iron level in your diet by eating iron rich foods, such as red meat, fish, poultry, beans, spinach, iron-fortified cereals and raisins. Avoid coffee.
  • Get a good night’s sleep.
  • Drink at least 1.5 litre of water or nonalcoholic fluids before the donation.
  • Eat a healthy meal before your donation. Avoid fatty foods A heavy meal can make you feeling uncomfortable and even having nausea.
  • If you are a platelet donor, remember that your system must be free of aspirin for 48 hours or 2 days prior to donation.
  • Remember to bring your donor card if you have one, and SPECIALLY your ID

Before donating blood: What you need to know

Before Donation
20171104_130508Very often, we have a few donors who come to donate blood when they are not eligible;  their reactions are negative or they can become irrational or nervous simply because they don’t understand that Blood Banks around the world function according to guidelines and safety norms for donors and patients as well as blood bank staffs.

An illness or even a minor injury may mean that it is not safe for the donor to give blood to a sick patient. For example, a fever with irritating throat from a donor could mean that donor may have either bacterial or viral infections and will be asked to donate after he is fully recovered. It is NOT good if a donor lies as this represents a risk for a new born baby or a sick person with very low resistance and or immune system. Likewise, certain medications can be harmful to patients. Thus, it is important that a donor is well and healthy when donating blood. Recent travel, life-styles and behaviour like having  a piercing or tattoo done less than 6 months or if you have any reason to believe you may have acquired an infection through unprotected sex, you should not donate. We do test all blood donations for certain infections, but, unfortunately, no test is perfect. Besides, a donor should not attend a blood donation for the purpose of doing test.

Even though safe sex practices are vital to the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (TTI), ‘protected sex’ is not 100 percent effective. Therefore, the Blood Transfusion Service’s guidelines relating to sexual activity are based on the higher rates of infection in certain population groups. You are given a Donor Education Material to read before you fill the Medical Questionnaire.

When attending a blood drive , you will have the opportunity to speak in all confidence with blood bank staff or the Blood Bank Officer (BBO) or even the phlebotomist if you have any queries in relation to your health or your lifestyle.

Reducing the risk of vasovegal or fainting
Drinking plenty of fluids (at least 8 glasses of water or juice, non-alcoholic fluids in the 2  to 3 hours prior to donating and eating savoury food and / or salty snacks  before donation will greatly reduce the risk of fainting during or after donating. In addition, please ensure you eat a light food like sandwich or biscuits 45 minutes before giving blood. You must avoid a heavy meal and avoid eating fatty foods. Hydrate your body by drinking again water/juice (non-alcoholic drinks) and don’t smoke at least 2 hours after donating blood to replenish loss fluids.

Do not rush before leaving the donation area 
You are advised to rest for at least 15 minutes and drink refreshments that are served. Avoid strenuous effort.